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vgagl(7)                      Svgalib User Manual                     vgagl(7)

NAME
       vgagl - a fast framebuffer-level graphics library based on svgalib

TABLE OF CONTENTS
       0. Introduction
       1. How to use vgagl
       2. Description of vgagl functions
       3. Macros defined in vgagl.h

0. INTRODUCTION
       This is a fast framebuffer-level graphics library for linear 1, 2, 3
       and 4 byte-per-pixel modes (256-color, hicolor, truecolor). It uses a
       limited number of functions from svgalib (libvga) for low-level
       hardware communication (the library is included in the svgalib shared
       image).

       In particular, svgalib(7) maps the 64K VGA frame buffer window, and
       this library directly addresses the buffer. For SVGA modes that use
       more than 64K of screen memory, SVGA paging is required when writing to
       the physical screen; this is done automatically for most functions (at
       a certain cost).

       Alternatively, any number of virtual screens of any type in system
       memory can be used, which can then be copied to the physical screen.
       There is also support for 4 bytes per pixel framebuffers (and copying
       them to a 3 bytes per pixel context), and limited planar 256 color mode
       support (copyscreen, aligned putbox).

       The planar 256 color modes (available on all VGA cards) can now be used
       with a virtual screen, which is copied to the physical screen (with
       optional page-flipping).

       Bitmaps are raw, with one (or more) bytes per pixel (like pixmaps in
       X), stored in row-major order. They are usually manipulated with the
       getbox and putbox functions.

       vgagl does also make use of the graphic cards accelerator (if it is
       supported) in some situations.

       A graphics context is just a structure that holds the size of the
       associated graphics screen, how it is organized, clipping status etc.
       You can define a custom virtual (system memory) graphics context of any
       size with the setcontextvirtual function. All operations work on the
       current context.

       Any questions, bug-reports, additions, suggestions etc. are welcome.

1. HOW TO USE VGAGL
       Programs that use vgagl must #include <vgagl.h>.  Linking must be done
       with -lvgagl -lvga.

       Functions in the vgagl library have the prefix gl_*.  To initialize
       vgagl, the graphics context must be set. Example:

              vga_setmode(G320x200x256);
              gl_setcontextvga(G320x200x256);

       In this example, the context is set to the physical screen. The context
       can be saved (only the screen type, not the contents) into a variable,
       e.g.

              GraphicsContext physicalscreen;
              gl_getcontext(&physicalscreen).

       To define a virtual screen in system memory, use
       gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3):

              gl_setcontextvgavirtual(G320x200x256)

       which allocates space for a screen identical to 320x200x256 graphics
       mode, and makes this virtual screen the current graphics context.

       The virtual screen can now be copied to the physical screen as follows:

              gl_copyscreen(&physicalscreen);

       Note that with a virtual screen in system memory, it is possible to add
       fast X-Window support to a program, using MITSHM to copy the
       framebuffer to the screen window.

2. DESCRIPTION OF VGAGL FUNCTIONS
   Context management
       gl_getcontext(3), currentcontext(3)
              get the current graphics contents..
       gl_setcontext(3)
              set a previously saved context.
       gl_setcontextvga(3)
              set the context to the physical screen.
       gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3)
              set the context to a virtual mode.
       gl_setcontextvirtual(3)
              define a virtual context.
       gl_allocatecontext(3)
              allocate a graphics context.
       gl_freecontext(3)
              free a virtual screen.
       gl_setcontextwidth(3), gl_setcontextheight(3)
              set the dimension of a context.

   Drawing primitives
       gl_clearscreen(3)
              clear the screen.
       gl_rgbcolor(3)
              return pixel value corresponding to an rgb color.
       gl_setpixel(3), gl_setpixelrgb(3)
              draw a pixel.
       gl_getpixel(3)
              return the color of a pixel.
       gl_getpixelrgb(3)
              store color components of a pixel.
       gl_hline(3)
              draw a horizontal line.
       gl_line(3)
              draw a line.
       gl_circle(3)
              draw a circle.
       gl_fillbox(3)
              fill a rectangular area.

   Copying of screen buffers and page flipping
       gl_copyscreen(3)
              copy the screen contents of contexts.
       gl_setscreenoffset(3)
              set a memory offset for copyscreen.
       gl_setdisplaystart(3)
              set the start of the screen are displayed.
       gl_enablepageflipping(3)
              enables automatic page flipping.

   Clipping
       gl_disableclipping(3)
              disables clipping.
       gl_enableclipping(3)
              enables clipping.
       gl_setclippingwindow(3)
              set the clipping window.

   Text drawing primitives
       gl_setfont(3)
              set the text font to be used.
       gl_setfontcolors(3)
              set the font colors.
       gl_expandfont(3)
              expand a packed pixel font.
       gl_colorfont(3)
              change the color of a font.
       gl_setwritemode(3)
              set the font writemode flags.
       gl_write(3), gl_writen(3)
              write a text string.
       gl_printf(3)
              formatted output to the graphics screen.
       gl_font8x8(3)
              a packed 8x8 pixel font.

   Pix- and Bitmap drawing
       gl_getbox(3)
              copy a rectangular pixmap from the screen to a buffer.
       gl_copybox(3)
              copy a rectangular screen area.
       gl_copyboxfromcontext(3)
              copy rectangular area from another context.
       gl_copyboxtocontext(3)
              copy a rectangular area to another context.
       gl_putbox(3)
              copy a pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxpart(3)
              copy a partial pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxmask(3)
              copy a masked  pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxmaskcompiled(3)
              copy a compiled masked pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_compileboxmask(3)
              compress a masked bitmap.
       gl_compiledboxmasksize(3)
              compute the size of a compiled masked box.
       gl_scalebox(3)
              scale a pixmap.

   Palette handling
       gl_getpalettecolor(3), gl_getpalettecolors(3), gl_getpalette(3)
              read the color palette.
       gl_setpalettecolor(3), gl_setpalettecolors(3), gl_setpalette(3)
              set the color palette.
       gl_setrgbpalette(3)
              set a 256-color RGB palette.

   Triangle primitives from threeDkit
       gl_striangle(3)
              draw a solid colored triangle.
       gl_triangle(3)
              draw a triangle with interpolated colors.
       gl_swtriangle(3)
              draw a solid pixmap mapped on a triangle.
       gl_wtriangle(3)
              draw a shadowed pixmap mapped on a triangle.
       gl_trisetcolorlookup(3), gl_trigetcolorlookup(3)
              manages a color lookup table for shadowing.
       gl_trisetdrawpoint(3)
              set a triangle drawing function.

3. MACROS DEFINED IN VGAGL.H:
       WIDTH  The width in pixels of the current graphics context.

       HEIGHT Height in pixels.

       BYTESPERPIXEL
              Number of bytes per pixel (1, 2, 3 or 4).

       BYTEWIDTH
              Width of a scanline in bytes.

       COLORS Number of colors.

       BITSPERPIXEL
              Number of significant color bits.

       VBUF   Address of the framebuffer.

       __clip Clipping flag.

       __clipx1
       __clipy1
              Top-left corner of clipping window.

       __clipx2
       __clipy2
              Bottom-right corner of clipping window.

BUGS
       For three bytes per pixel (true color) modes, it is possible that
       pixels cross a SVGA segment boundary. This should be correctly handled
            by most functions, but you never know. It can be avoided by using a
       logical scanline length that is a divisor of 65536 (a power of 2), like
       1024 (as opposed to 960) for 320x200 and 2048 (1920) for 640x480. For
       800x600, this is impractical (4096 as opposed to 2400 doesn't fit in
       2MB). Alternatively, avoid those functions by using a virtual screen.

SEE ALSO
       svgalib(7), libvga.config(5), testgl(6), threedkit(7),
       currentcontext(3), gl_allocatecontext(3), gl_circle(3),
       gl_clearscreen(3), gl_colorfont(3), gl_compileboxmask(3),
       gl_compiledboxmasksize(3), gl_copybox(3), gl_copyboxfromcontext(3),
       gl_copyboxtocontext(3), gl_copyscreen(3), gl_disableclipping(3),
       gl_enableclipping(3), gl_enablepageflipping(3), gl_expandfont(3),
       gl_fillbox(3), gl_font8x8(3), gl_freecontext(3), gl_getbox(3),
       gl_getcontext(3), gl_getpalette(3), gl_getpalettecolor(3),
       gl_getpalettecolors(3), gl_getpixel(3), gl_getpixelrgb(3), gl_hline(3),
       gl_line(3), gl_putbox(3), gl_putboxmask(3), gl_putboxmaskcompiled(3),
       gl_putboxpart(3), gl_rgbcolor(3), gl_scalebox(3),
       gl_setclippingwindow(3), gl_setcontext(3), gl_setcontextheight(3),
       gl_setcontextvga(3), gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3),
       gl_setcontextvirtual(3), gl_setcontextwidth(3), gl_setdisplaystart(3),
       gl_setfont(3), gl_setfontcolors(3), gl_setpalette(3),
       gl_setpalettecolor(3), gl_setpalettecolors(3), gl_setpixel(3),
       gl_setpixelrgb(3), gl_setrgbpalette(3), gl_setscreenoffset(3),
       gl_setwritemode(3), gl_striangle(3), gl_swtriangle(3), gl_triangle(3),
       gl_trigetcolorlookup(3), gl_trisetcolorlookup(3),
       gl_trisetdrawpoint(3), gl_write(3), gl_writen(3), gl_wtriangle(3).

AUTHOR
       There are many authors of svgalib. This page was edited by Michael
       Weller <[email protected]>.  The original documentation and
       most of vgagl was done by Harm Hanemaayer <[email protected]>
       though.

Svgalib (>= 1.2.11)               2 Aug 1997                          vgagl(7)
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