Command Section
SERVICE(8)              FreeBSD System Manager's Manual             SERVICE(8)

     service - control (start/stop/etc.) or list system services

     service -e
     service -R
     service [-v] -l | -r
     service [-v] <rc.d script> start|stop|etc.

     The service command is an easy interface to the rc.d system.  Its primary
     purpose is to start and stop services provided by the rc.d scripts.  When
     used for this purpose it will set the same restricted environment that is
     in use at boot time (see below).  It can also be used to list the scripts
     using various criteria.

     The options are as follows:

     -e  List services that are enabled.  The list of scripts to check is
         compiled using rcorder(8) the same way that it is done in rc(8), then
         that list of scripts is checked for an "rcvar" assignment.  If
         present the script is checked to see if it is enabled.

     -R  Restart all enabled local services.

     -l  List all files in /etc/rc.d and the local startup directories.  As
         described in rc.conf(5) this is usually /usr/local/etc/rc.d.  All
         files will be listed whether they are an actual rc.d script or not.

     -r  Generate the rcorder(8) as in -e above, but list all of the files,
         not just what is enabled.

     -v  Be slightly more verbose

     When used to run rc.d scripts the service command sets HOME to / and PATH
     to /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin which is how they are set in /etc/rc at
     boot time.

     The service utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

     The following are examples of typical usage of the service command:

           service named status
           service -rv

     The following programmable completion entry can be use in bash(1) for the
     names of the rc.d scripts:
           _service () {
                local cur
                COMPREPLY=( $( compgen -W '$( service -l )' -- $cur ) )
                return 0
           complete -F _service service

     bash(1) (ports/shells/bash), rc.conf(5), rc(8), rcorder(8)

     The service utility first appeared in FreeBSD 7.3.

     This manual page was written by Douglas Barton <[email protected]>.

FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4        December 11, 2012       FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4
Command Section