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MINHERIT(2)               FreeBSD System Calls Manual              MINHERIT(2)

     minherit - control the inheritance of pages

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/mman.h>

     minherit(void *addr, size_t len, int inherit);

     The minherit() system call changes the specified pages to have the
     inheritance characteristic inherit.  Not all implementations will
     guarantee that the inheritance characteristic can be set on a page basis;
     the granularity of changes may be as large as an entire region.  FreeBSD
     is capable of adjusting inheritance characteristics on a page basis.
     Inheritance only effects children created by fork().  It has no effect on
     exec().  exec'd processes replace their address space entirely.  This
     system call also has no effect on the parent's address space (other than
     to potentially share the address space with its children).

     Inheritance is a rather esoteric feature largely superseded by the
     MAP_SHARED feature of mmap().  However, it is possible to use minherit()
     to share a block of memory between parent and child that has been mapped
     MAP_PRIVATE.  That is, modifications made by parent or child are shared
     but the original underlying file is left untouched.

     INHERIT_SHARE      This option causes the address space in question to be
                        shared between parent and child.  It has no effect on
                        how the original underlying backing store was mapped.

     INHERIT_NONE       This option prevents the address space in question
                        from being inherited at all.  The address space will
                        be unmapped in the child.

     INHERIT_COPY       This option causes the child to inherit the address
                        space as copy-on-write.  This option also has an
                        unfortunate side effect of causing the parent address
                        space to become copy-on-write when the parent forks.
                        If the original mapping was MAP_SHARED, it will no
                        longer be shared in the parent after the parent forks
                        and there is no way to get the previous shared-
                        backing-store mapping without unmapping and remapping
                        the address space in the parent.

     INHERIT_ZERO       This option causes the address space in question to be
                        mapped as new anonymous pages, which would be
                        initialized to all zero bytes, in the child process.

     The minherit() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the

     The minherit() system call will fail if:

     [EINVAL]           The virtual address range specified by the addr and
                        len arguments is not valid.

     [EACCES]           The flags specified by the inherit argument were not
                        valid for the pages specified by the addr and len

     fork(2), madvise(2), mincore(2), mprotect(2), msync(2), munmap(2),

     The minherit() system call first appeared in OpenBSD and then in
     FreeBSD 2.2.

     The INHERIT_ZERO support first appeared in OpenBSD 5.6 and then in
     FreeBSD 12.0.

     Once you set inheritance to MAP_PRIVATE or MAP_SHARED, there is no way to
     recover the original copy-on-write semantics short of unmapping and
     remapping the area.

FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4         March 15, 2017         FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4
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