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IICBUS(4)              FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual              IICBUS(4)

     iicbus - I2C bus system

     device iicbus
     device iicbb

     device iic
     device ic
     device iicsmb

     The iicbus system provides a uniform, modular and architecture-
     independent system for the implementation of drivers to control various
     I2C devices and to utilize different I2C controllers.

     I2C is an acronym for Inter Integrated Circuit bus.  The I2C bus was
     developed in the early 1980's by Philips semiconductors.  Its purpose was
     to provide an easy way to connect a CPU to peripheral chips in a TV-set.

     The BUS physically consists of 2 active wires and a ground connection.
     The active wires, SDA and SCL, are both bidirectional.  Where SDA is the
     Serial DAta line and SCL is the Serial CLock line.

     Every component hooked up to the bus has its own unique address whether
     it is a CPU, LCD driver, memory, or complex function chip.  Each of these
     chips can act as a receiver and/or transmitter depending on its
     functionality.  Obviously an LCD driver is only a receiver, while a
     memory or I/O chip can both be transmitter and receiver.  Furthermore
     there may be one or more BUS MASTERs.

     The BUS MASTER is the chip issuing the commands on the BUS.  In the I2C
     protocol specification it is stated that the IC that initiates a data
     transfer on the bus is considered the BUS MASTER.  At that time all the
     others are regarded to as the BUS SLAVEs.  As mentioned before, the IC
     bus is a Multi-MASTER BUS.  This means that more than one IC capable of
     initiating data transfer can be connected to it.

     Some I2C device drivers are available:

     Devices           Description
     iic               general i/o operation
     ic                network IP interface
     iicsmb            I2C to SMB software bridge

     The I2C protocol may be implemented by hardware or software.  Software
     interfaces rely on very simple hardware, usually two lines twiddled by 2
     registers.  Hardware interfaces are more intelligent and receive 8-bit
     characters they write to the bus according to the I2C protocol.

     I2C interfaces may act on the bus as slave devices, allowing spontaneous
     bidirectional communications, thanks to the multi-master capabilities of
     the I2C protocol.

     Some I2C interfaces are available:

     Interface            Description
     pcf                  Philips PCF8584 master/slave interface
     iicbb                generic bit-banging master-only driver
     lpbb                 parallel port specific bit-banging interface
     bktr                 Brooktree848 video chipset, hardware and software
                          master-only interface

     The operating frequency of an I2C bus may be fixed or configurable.  The
     bus may be used as part of some larger standard interface, and that
     interface specification may require a fixed frequency.  The driver for
     that hardware would not honor an attempt to configure a different speed.
     A general purpose I2C bus, such as those found in many embedded systems,
     will often support multiple bus frequencies.

     When a system supports multiple I2C busses, a different frequency can be
     configured for each bus by number, represented by the %d in the variable
     names below.  Busses can be configured using any combination of device
     hints, Flattened Device Tree (FDT) data, tunables set via loader(8), or
     at runtime using sysctl(8).  When configuration is supplied using more
     than one method, FDT and hint data will be overridden by a tunable, which
     can be overridden by sysctl(8).

   Device Hints
     Set hint.iicbus.%d.frequency to the frequency in Hz, on systems that use
     device hints to configure I2C devices.  The hint is also honored by
     systems that use FDT data if no frequency is configured using FDT.

   Flattened Device Tree Data
     Configure the I2C bus speed using the FDT standard clock-frequency
     property of the node describing the I2C controller hardware.

   Sysctl and Tunable
     Set dev.iicbus.%d.frequency in loader.conf(5).  The same variable can be
     changed at any time with sysctl(8).  Reset the bus using i2c(8) or the
     iic(4) I2CRSTCARD ioctl to make the change take effect.

     bktr(4), fdt(4), iic(4), iicbb(4), lpbb(4), pcf(4), i2c(8)

     The iicbus manual page first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.

     This manual page was written by Nicolas Souchu.

FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4        November 17, 2014       FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4
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