Command Section
HLFSD(8)                FreeBSD System Manager's Manual               HLFSD(8)

     hlfsd - home-link file system daemon

     hlfsd [-fhnpvC] [-a alt_dir] [-c cache-interval] [-g group]
           [-i reload-interval] [-l logfile] [-o mount-options]
           [-x log-options] [-D debug-options] [-P password-file]
           [linkname [subdir]]

     This daemon is obsolete.  Users are advised to use autofs(5) instead.

     The hlfsd utility is a daemon which implements a file system containing a
     symbolic link to subdirectory within a user's home directory, depending
     on the user which accessed that link.  It was primarily designed to
     redirect incoming mail to users' home directories, so that it can read
     from anywhere.

     The hlfsd utility operates by mounting itself as an NFS server for the
     directory containing linkname, which defaults to /hlfs/home.  Lookups
     within that directory are handled by hlfsd, which uses the password map
     to determine how to resolve the lookup.  The directory will be created if
     it does not already exist.  The symbolic link will be to the accessing
     user's home directory, with subdir appended to it.  If not specified,
     subdir defaults to .hlfsdir.  This directory will also be created if it
     does not already exist.

     A SIGTERM sent to hlfsd will cause it to shutdown.  A SIGHUP will flush
     the internal caches, and reload the password map.  It will also close and
     reopen the log file, to enable the original log file to be removed or
     rotated.  A SIGUSR1 will cause it to dump its internal table of user IDs
     and home directories to the file /usr/tmp/hlfsd.dump.XXXXXX.

     -a alt_dir
             Alternate directory.  The name of the directory to which the
             symbolic link returned by hlfsd will point, if it cannot access
             the home directory of the user.  This defaults to /var/hlfs.
             This directory will be created if it does not exist.  It is
             expected that either users will read these files, or the system
             administrators will run a script to resend this ``lost mail'' to
             its owner.

     -c cache-interval
             Caching interval.  The hlfsd utility will cache the validity of
             home directories for this interval, in seconds.  Entries which
             have been verified within the last cache-interval seconds will
             not be verified again, since the operation could be expensive,
             and the entries are most likely still valid.  After the interval
             has expired, hlfsd will re-verify the validity of the user's home
             directory, and reset the cache time-counter.  The default value
             for cache-interval is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

     -f      Force fast startup.  This option tells hlfsd to skip startup-time
             consistency checks such as existence of mount directory,
             alternate spool directory, symlink to be hidden under the mount
             directory, their permissions and validity.

     -g group
             Set the special group HLFS_GID to group.  Programs such as
             comsat(8), (which access the mailboxes of other users) must be
             setgid HLFS_GID to work properly.  The default group is ``hlfs''.
             If no group is provided, and there is no group ``hlfs'', this
             feature is disabled.

     -h      Help.  Print a brief help message, and exit.

     -i reload-interval
             Map-reloading interval.  Each reload-interval seconds, hlfsd will
             reload the password map.  The hlfsd utility needs the password
             map for the UIDs and home directory pathnames.  The hlfsd utility
             schedules a SIGALRM to reload the password maps.  A SIGHUP sent
             to hlfsd will force it to reload the maps immediately.  The
             default value for reload-interval is 900 seconds (15 minutes).

     -l logfile
             Specify a log file to which hlfsd will record events.  If logfile
             is the string ``syslog'' then the log messages will be sent to
             the system log daemon by syslog(3), using the LOG_DAEMON
             facility.  This is also the default.

     -n      No verify.  The hlfsd utility will not verify the validity of the
             symbolic link it will be returning, or that the user's home
             directory contains sufficient disk-space for spooling.  This can
             speed up hlfsd at the cost of possibly returning symbolic links
             to home directories which are not currently accessible or are
             full.  By default, hlfsd validates the symbolic-link in the
             background.  The -n option overrides the meaning of the -c
             option, since no caching is necessary.

     -o mount-options
             Mount options.  Mount options which hlfsd will use to mount
             itself on top of dirname.  By default, mount-options is set to
             ``ro''.  If the system supports symbolic-link caching, default
             options are set to ``ro,nocache''.

     -p      Print PID.  Outputs the process ID of hlfsd to standard output
             where it can be saved into a file.

     -v      Version.  Displays version information to standard error.

     -x log-options
             Specify run-time logging options.  The options are a comma
             separated list chosen from: fatal, error, user, warn, info, map,
             stats, all.

     -C      Force hlfsd to run on systems that cannot turn off the NFS
             attribute-cache.  Use of this option on those systems is
             discouraged, as it may result in loss or mis-delivery of mail.
             The option is ignored on systems that can turn off the attribute-

     -D log-options
             Select from a variety of debugging options.  Prefixing an option
             with the string ``no'' reverses the effect of that option.
             Options are cumulative.  The most useful option is ``all''.
             Since this option is only used for debugging other options are
             not documented here.  A fuller description is available in the
             program source.  A SIGUSR1 sent to hlfsd will cause it to dump
             its internal password map to the file /usr/tmp/hlfsd.dump.XXXXXX.

     -P password-file
             Read the user-name, user-id, and home directory information from
             the file password-file.  Normally, hlfsd will use getpwent(3) to
             read the password database.  This option allows you to override
             the default database, and is useful if you want to map users'
             mail files to a directory other than their home directory.  Only
             the username, uid, and home-directory fields of the file
             password-file are read and checked.  All other fields are
             ignored.  The file password-file must otherwise be compliant with
             UNIX System 7 colon-delimited format passwd(5).

     /hlfs          directory under which hlfsd mounts itself and manages the
                    symbolic link home.

     .hlfsdir       default sub-directory in the user's home directory, to
                    which the home symbolic link returned by hlfsd points.

     /var/hlfs      directory to which home symbolic link returned by hlfsd
                    points if it is unable to verify the that user's home
                    directory is accessible.
     mail1, getgrent(3), getpwent(3), mnttab(4), passwd(4), mtab(5), amd(8),
     automount(8), cron8, mount(8), sendmail(8), umount(8) "HLFSD: Delivering
     Email to Your $HOME", Proc. LISA-VII, The 7th Usenix System
     Administration Conference, November 1993.

     ``am-utils'' info(1) entry.  Erez Zadok, Linux NFS and Automounter
     Administration, Sybex, 2001, ISBN 0-7821-2739-8.

     The hlfsd utility appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.

     Erez Zadok <[email protected]>, Computer Science Department, Stony Brook
     University, Stony Brook, New York, USA.

     Alexander Dupuy <[email protected]>, System Management ARTS, White Plains,
     New York, USA.

     Other authors and contributors to am-utils are listed in the AUTHORS file
     distributed with am-utils.

FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4        February 26, 2016       FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4
Command Section