Command Section
GROFF_WWW(7)							  GROFF_WWW(7)

       groff_www - groff macros	for authoring web pages

       groff -mwww [ options ] file ...

       This  manual  page describes the	GNU -mwww macro	package, which is part
       of the groff document formatting	system.	 The manual  page  is  very  a
       basic  guide,  and the html device driver (grohtml) has been completely
       rewritten but still remains as in an alpha state.  It has been included
       into the	distribution so	that a lot of people have a chance to test it.
       Note that this macro file will be automatically called (via the troffrc
       file) if	you use	-Thtml.

       To  see	the hyperlinks in action, please format	this man page with the
       grohtml device.

       Here is a summary of the	functions found	in this	macro set.
       .JOBNAME		   split output	into multiple files
       .HX		   automatic heading level cut off;
			   $1 point for	sections/headers
       .BCL		   specify colours on a	web page
       .BGIMG		   specify background image
       .URL		   create a url	using two parameters
       .FTP		   create an ftp reference
       .MTO		   create a html email address
       .FTP		   create an ftp reference
       .TAG		   generate an html name
       .IMG		   include an image file
       .PIMG		   include png image
       .MPIMG		   place png on	the margin and
			   wrap	text around it
       .HnS		   begin heading
       .HnE		   end heading
       .LK		   emit	automatically collected	links.
       .HR		   produce a horizontal	rule
       .NHR		   suppress automatic generation of rules.
       .HTL		   only	generate HTML title
       .HEAD		   add data to <head> block
       .ULS		   unorder list	begin
       .ULE		   unorder list	end
       .OLS		   ordered list	begin
       .OLE		   ordered list	end
       .DLS		   definition list begin
       .DLE		   definition list end
       .LI		   insert a list item
       .DC		   generate a drop capital
       .HTML		   pass	an html	raw request to the
			   device driver
       .CDS		   code	example	begin
       .CDE		   code	example	end

       Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is	acceptable  as

       .JOBNAME	filename
	      Split output into	multiple HTML files.  A	file is	split whenever
	      a	.SH or .NH 1 is	encountered.  Its argument is  the  file  stem
	      name  for	 future	 output	 files.	  This option is equivalent to
	      grohtml's	-j option.

       .HX n  Specify the cut off depth	when  generating  links	 from  section
	      headings.	  For example, a parameter of 2	would cause grohtml to
	      generate a list of links for .NH 1 and .NH 2 but not for	.NH 3.

		     .HX 0

	      will  tell  grohtml  that	 no heading links should be created at
	      all.  Another method for turning automatic headings  off	is  by
	      issuing the the command line switch -P-l to groff.

       .BCL foreground background active not-visited visited
	      This macro takes five parameters:	foreground, background,	active
	      hypertext	link, hypertext	link  not  yet	visited,  and  visited
	      hypertext	link colour.

       .BGIMG imagefile
	      the only parameter to this macro is the background image file.

       .URL url	[description] [after]
	      generates	 a  URL	using either one, two or three arguments.  The
	      first parameter is the actual URL, the second is the name	of the
	      link,  and the third is optional stuff to	be printed immediately
	      afterwards.  If description and after are	absent	then  the  url
	      becomes the anchor text.	Hyphenation is disabled	while printing
	      the actual URL; explicit breakpoints should be inserted with the
	      \: escape.  Here is how to encode	foo <>:

		     .URL http://\:foo.\:org/ foo :

	      If  this	is  processed by a device other	than -Thtml it appears

		     foo <>:

	      The URL macro can	be of any type;	for example we can reference
	      Eric Raymond's pic guide <pic.html> by:

		     .URL pic.html "Eric Raymond's pic guide"

       .MTO address [description] [after]
	      Generate	an email html reference.  The first argument is	manda-
	      tory as the email	address.  The optional second argument is  the
	      text  you	 see  in  your	browser	If an empty argument is	given,
	      address is used instead.	An optional third  argument  is	 stuff
	      printed  immediately  afterwards.	 Hyphenation is	disabled while
	      printing the  actual  email  address.   For  example,  Joe  User
	      <[email protected]> was achieved by the following macro:

		     .MTO [email protected] "Joe User"

	      Note that	all the	URLs actually are treated as consuming no tex-
	      tual space in groff.  This could be considered as	a bug since it
	      causes  some  problems.	To circumvent this, www.tmac inserts a
	      zero-width character which expands to a harmless space (only  if
	      run with -Thtml).

       .FTP url	[description] [after]
	      indicates	that data can be obtained via ftp.  The	first argument
	      is the url and the second	is the browser text.   A  third	 argu-
	      ment, similar to the macros above, is intended for stuff printed
	      immediately afterwards.  The second and the third	parameter  are
	      optional.	  Hyphenation  is  disabled  while printing the	actual
	      URL.  As an example, here	the location of	the GNU	ftp server
	      <>.  The macro example above was specified by:

		     .FTP ftp://\ "GNU ftp	server"	.

       .TAG name
	      Generates	an html	name tag from its argument.  This can then  be
	      referenced using the URL <#URL> macro.  As you can see, you must
	      precede the tag name with	# since	it is a	local reference.  This
	      link  was	 achieved  via	placing	 a  TAG	in the URL description
	      above; the source	looks like this:

		     .B	URL
		     .TAG URL
		     a URL using either	two or three arguments.

       .IMG [-R|-L|-C] filename	[width]	[height]
	      Include a	picture	into the document.  The	first argument is  the
	      horizontal  location:  right,  left,  or center (-R, -L, or -C).
	      Alignment	is centered by default (-C).  The second  argument  is
	      the  filename.   The optional third and fourth arguments are the
	      width and	height.	 If the	width is absent	it defaults to 1 inch.
	      If  the  height  is  absent it defaults to the width.  This maps
	      onto an html img tag.  If	you are	including a png	image then  it
	      is advisable to use the PIMG macro.

       .PIMG [-R|-L|-C]	filename [width	[height]]
	      Include  an  image  in PNG format.  This macro takes exactly the
	      same parameters as the IMG macro;	it has the advantage of	 work-
	      ing with postscript and html devices also	since it can automati-
	      cally convert the	image into the EPS format, using the following
	      programs	of the netpbm package: pngtopnm, pnmcrop, and pnmtops.
	      If the document isn't processed with -Thtml it is	 necessary  to
	      use the -U option	of groff.

       .MPIMG [-R|-L] [-G gap] filename	[width [height]]
	      Place  a	PNG  image on the margin and wrap text around it.  The
	      first parameters are optional.  The alignment: left or right (-L
	      or -R) specifies the margin where	the picture is placed at.  The
	      default alignment	is left	(-L).  Optionally, -G gap can be  used
	      to  arrange  a  gap  between the picture and the text that wraps
	      around it.  The default gap width	is zero.
	      The first	non-optional argument is the filename.	 The  optional
	      following	 arguments  are	the width and height.  If the width is
	      absent it	defaults to 1  inch.   If  the	height	is  absent  it
	      defaults to the width.  Example:

		     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 3c	1.5c

	      The height and width may also be given as	percentages. The Post-
	      Script device calculates the width from the .l register and  the
	      height from the .p register. For example:

		     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 15%

       .HnS n Begin  heading.  The numeric heading level n is specified	by the
	      first parameter.	Use this macro if your headings	 contain  URL,
	      FTP or MTO macros.  Example:

		     .HnS 1
		     GNU Troff
		     .URL	(Groff)
		     --	a
		     .URL GNU
		     Hosted by
		     .URL FFII	.

	      In  this case you	might wish to disable automatic	links to head-
	      ings.  This can be done via -P-l from the	command	line.

       .HnE   End heading.

       .LK    Force grohtml to place the automatically generated links at this
	      position.	  If  this  manual page	has been processed with	-Thtml
	      those links can be seen right here.

       .HR    Generate a full-width horizontal rule for	-Thtml.	 No effect for
	      all other	devices.

       .NHR   Suppress	generation  of	the top	and bottom rules which grohtml
	      emits by default.

       .HTL   Generate an HTML title only.  This differs from the TL macro  of
	      the  ms  macro package which generates both an HTML title	and an
	      <H1> heading.  Use it to provide an HTML title as	search	engine
	      fodder  but  a  graphic title in the document.  The macro	termi-
	      nates when a space or break is seen (.sp,	.br).

       .HEAD  Add arbitrary HTML data to the <head>  block.   Ignored  if  not
	      processed	with -Thtml.  Example:

		     .HEAD "<link \
		       rel=""icon"" \
		       type=""image/png"" \

       .HTML  All  text	after this macro is treated as raw html.  If the docu-
	      ment is processed	without	-Thtml	then  the  macro  is  ignored.
	      Internally,  this	 macro	is  used as a building block for other
	      higher-level macros.

	      For example, the BGIMG macro is defined as

		     .de BGIMG
		     .	 HTML <body background=\$1>

       .DC l text [color]
	      Produce a	drop capital.  The first parameter is the letter to be
	      dropped  and enlarged, the second	parameter text is the ajoining
	      text whose height	the  first  letter  should  not	 exceed.   The
	      optional third parameter is the color of the dropped letter.  It
	      defaults to black.

       .CDS   Start displaying a code section in constant width	font.

       .CDE   End code display

       By default grohtml generates links to all section headings  and	places
       these  at the top of the	html document. (See LINKS <#LK>	for details of
       how to switch this off or alter the position).

       tbl information is currently rendered as	a PNG image.


       groff(1), troff(1) grohtml(1), netpbm(1)

       grohtml was written by Gaius Mulley <[email protected]>

       Report bugs to the Groff	Bug Mailing List <[email protected]>.  Include
       a complete, self-contained example that will allow the bug to be	repro-
       duced, and say which version of groff you are using.

Groff Version 1.19.2	       4 September 2005			  GROFF_WWW(7)
Command Section