Command Section
accel(6)                      Svgalib User Manual                     accel(6)

       accel - tests the new style svgalib accelerator interface


       Test new-style accelerated functions (As of this writing: Ark, Cirrus,
       Chips & Technologies cards, and Mach32 only).  For other cards the demo
       will not work (well it will complain about missing accelerator
       support). Don't worry about this.

       During the development of the Mach32 new style driver for 1.2.12, this
       demo was massively extended to check the Mach32 functions.

       Upon startup it lists all supported SVGA modes and asks you to enter a
       number identifying the mode to be tested. The supported subfunctions of
       vga_accel(3) in this mode are listed and the demo instructs to press
       <Return> to start the demos.

       If supported, all drawing operations are performed in the background.

       Then the following tests are performed:

   Positioning tests
       These tests were originally intended to check that the accelerator
       commands work on the proper screen locations. The screen shows 12 (4 x
       3) smaller areas with red crosses in the corners. When everything is
       ok, the drawings should reach right in the corners of the crosses.

       A given card may not support all operations listed here. In that case
       the resp. test area just shows the red crosses. For tests performed,
       the name of the test is printed below the area. The tests are (from
       left to right, top to bottom):

       1.     A green box is drawn with vga_accel(ACCEL_FILLBOX).

       2.     A cross of green lines is drawn with vga_accel(ACCEL_DRAWLINE).

       3.     A linux pixmap just fitting into the crosses is drawn with

       4.     A pixmap just fitting into the crosses is drawn into the red
              crosses (by vgagl(5) which may or may not use the accelerator).
              The pixmap is then copied to a few lines/columns below. Green
              crosses mark the intended destination position.

       5.     Works like 3. but copies to an area above the origin. The
              accelerator must ensure that the overlapping areas are handled
              non corrupting. Thus, watch that the copy operation is properly

       6.     A green triangle is drawn above the top/left to bottom/right
              diagonal by use of vga_accel(ACCEL_DRAWHLINELIST).

       7.     Certain bitmaps are copied to the screen. In the corners you'll
              see the digits

              0      top/left, green on red.

              1      top/right, red on green.

              2      bottom/left, black on white.

              3      bottom/right, white on black. Note that some black
                     border, not the digit will be aligned to the red crosses.

              Finally, a yellow wizard image is drawn into the center.

              The bit ordering for bitmaps is a bit weird. Please check that
              the digits are not mirrored or flipped.

       8.     This time bitmap transparency is tested by drawing wizard images
              onto the aforementioned linux pixmap (left to right, top to
              bottom) in yellow, red, green, and cyan. The background of the
              yellow wizard is masked out by a black border bitmap.  Note that
              the wizard will not reach into the red corners because the
              bitmap has some (transparent) border.

       9.     The text below this box is copied as a monochrome bitmap from
              the screen into the corners listed under 7. in the same colors.

       10.    Two green rectangles with an edge cut out from the bottom is
              drawn using
              top line twice. If supported, the lower rectangle is drawn in
              cyan and with the xor raster operation s.t. the buggy point is
              not drawn thus leaving a pin hole.

       11.    vga_accel(ACCEL_POLYHLINE)isusedtodrawsomegreenlineswhichmakesthisarealook
              like a green box with a cut out, black M-style shape.

       12.    A weird green polygon is filled in red with
              vga_accel(ACCEL_POLYFILLMODE) using the techniques given in
              vga_accel(3).  This needs some offscreen memory. If VGA memory
              is tight in that resolution the test cannot be performed.

       After this screen, you'll have to hit <Return> to continue.

   Raster operations
       Again, red cross bordered areas are drawn on the screen, this time for
       each of the supported raster operations. For ROP_AND and ROP_XOR the
       areas are filled in white first.

       Three overlapping boxes A, B, C are drawn such that you see the
       following areas.


       The pictures should show:

       1.     Replace mode. A, B, C are red, green, blue. They just overlap,
              yielding d - green and e, f, g - blue.

       2.     The colors mix using ROP_OR (and a nice color table). The
              overlapping areas become the additive color mix: d - yellow, e -
              magenta, f - cyan, and g - white.

       3.     ROP_AND is used. The background is filled white first, s.t.
              there is something in video memory to and with non trivially. We
              have A, B, C in cyan, magenta, yellow and d, e, f, g in blue,
              green, red, black.

       4.     ROP_XOR is used and the background filled white first too. A, B,
              C are red, green, blue again, but the overlapping areas d, e, f,
              g  become blue, green, red, white.

       5.     ROP_INV is used, s.t. A, B, C are all white and d, e, f, g
              become black, black, black, white.  Note that this is not done
              by using ROP_XOR and drawing A, B, C in white. Instead A, B, C
              are drawn in the usual
               red, green, blue. However, the accelerator just inverts the
              memory contens.

       If the accelerator supports raster operations for ACCEL_DRAWHLINELIST
       actually disks (well, ellipses) are drawn instead of boxes.

       After this screen, you'll have to hit <Return> to continue.

   Replace QuixDemo
       If ACCEL_DRAWLINE is supported, a Quix like bouncing series of lines in
       varying colors is drawn. The lines are removed from the screen by
       overdrawing them in black, thus erasing the dots and text on the

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   XOR Mode QuixDemo
       As before, but this time all lines are drawn in ROP_XOR mode (if
       ACCEL_DRAWLINE supports raster operations). Thus the background will
       not be destroyed this time.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   FillBox Demo
       The screen is ACCEL_FILLBOX filled with a series of boxes of increasing
       colors.  In truei/high color modes you'll probably only see a series of
       varying blue tones (because these are at the beginning of the color
       table and there are soo many of them).

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   ScreenCopy Demo
       Some random dots are drawn on the screen and thirds of the screen
       contents are moved around using ACCEL_SCREENCOPY.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   Scroll Demo
       Some random dots are drawn on the screen and moved one line up with
       ACCEL_SCREENCOPY.  In offscreen memory a new line is prepared which
       will be cleared by
       be performed if video memory is very tight.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   FillBox with DrawHLineList Demo
       Like the FillBox test, but no box fill is done but the screen is filled
       with a list of horizontal lines drawn with ACCEL_DRAWHLINELIST.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   FillBox XOR Mode Demo
       Like the FillBox test, but the XOR raster operation is used.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

   PutBitmap Demo
       The screen is filled with bitmasks consisting of tiny vertical lines
       alternating in red and blue.

       The test lasts about 5 seconds and some statistics are printed to

       Here is a list of speed listings for some cards. Please keep in mind
       that also the calling overhead for the program is measured. This seems
       to be esp. true for the QuixDemo.

   Results on a Cirrus GD5434-E with 2Mb:
       640x480x256 60 Hz
              FillBox: 200.3 Mpixels/s (200.3 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 51.0 Mpixels/s (51.0 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 50.5 Mpixels/s (50.5 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 83.2 Mpixels/s (83.2 Mbytes/s)

       320x200x256 70 Hz
              FillBox: 200.1 Mpixels/s (200.1 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 52.3 Mpixels/s (52.3 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 51.2 Mpixels/s (51.2 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 87.1 Mpixels/s (87.1 Mbytes/s)

       640x480x32K 60 Hz
              FillBox: 90.9 Mpixels/s (181.8 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 23.1 Mpixels/s (46.3 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 23.0 Mpixels/s (46.1 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 37.2 Mpixels/s (74.5 Mbytes/s)

       640x480x16M (32-bit) 60 Hz
              FillBox: 35.5 Mpixels/s (142.3 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 9.3 Mpixels/s (37.3 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 9.2 Mpixels/s (37.1 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 14.6 Mpixels/s (58.6 Mbytes/s)

   On a Cirrus Logic 5426 VLB (50 MHz MCLK):
       640x480x256 60 Hz
              FillBox: 32.8 Mpixels/s (32.8 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 16.4 Mpixels/s (16.4 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 16.3 Mpixels/s (16.3 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 16.5 Mpixels/s (16.5 Mbytes/s)

       640x480x32K 60 Hz
              FillBox: 12.2 Mpixels/s (24.4 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 6.1 Mpixels/s (12.2 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 6.0 Mpixels/s (12.1 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 6.1 Mpixels/s (12.2 Mbytes/s)

   Tweaked to 60 MHz MCLK:
       640x480x256 60 Hz
              FillBox: 42.1 Mpixels/s (42.1 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 21.0 Mpixels/s (21.0 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 20.9 Mpixels/s (20.9 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 21.1 Mpixels/s (21.1 Mbytes/s)

       640x480x32K 60 Hz
              FillBox: 16.7 Mpixels/s (33.5 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 8.3 Mpixels/s (16.7 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 8.3 Mpixels/s (16.7 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 8.3 Mpixels/s (16.7 Mbytes/s)

   Results on a Mach32 EISA with 2Mb VRAM:
       1280x1024x256 60 Hz
              Replace QuixDemo: 12.1 Klines/s (6.7 Mpixels/s or 6.7 Mbytes/s)
              Xor QuixDemo: 9.9 Klines/s (5.1 Mpixels/s or 5.1 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox: 75.4 Mpixels/s (75.4 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 26.4 Mpixels/s (26.4 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 28.7 Mpixels/s (28.7 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox with DrawHlineList: 73.1 Mpixels/s (73.1 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 37.9 Mpixels/s (37.9 Mbytes/s)
              PutBitmap: 15.6 Mpixels/s (15.6 Mbytes/s)

       1024x768x64K 72Hz
              Replace QuixDemo: 12.3 Klines/s (5.2 Mpixels/s or 10.5 Mbytes/s)
              Xor QuixDemo: 9.0 Klines/s (5.1 Mpixels/s or 10.3 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox: 37.6 Mpixels/s (75.2 Mbytes/s)
              ScreenCopy: 13.2 Mpixels/s (26.4 Mbytes/s)
              Scroll Demo: 13.2 Mpixels/s (26.4 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox with DrawHlineList: 37.0 Mpixels/s (74.0 Mbytes/s)
              FillBox XOR: 18.9 Mpixels/s (37.8 Mbytes/s)
              PutBitmap: 15.2 Mpixels/s (30.5 Mbytes/s)

       You're encouraged to send in more data.  This demo is part of svgalib
       and can be found in the demos/ subdirectory of the original svgalib
       distribution. However, it is not installed in the system by default,
       s.t. it is unclear where you can find it if your svgalib was installed
       by some linux distribution. Even then, when you have the demo on your
       system, you probably won't have the sources s.t. it is only of limited
       use for you.

       In case of any such problem, simply get an svgalib distribution from
       the net. You even don't need to install it. Just make in the demos/
       subdirecty. As of this writing, svgalib-1.2.12.tar.gz is the latest
       version and can be retrieved by ftp from at
       /pub/Linux/libs/graphics and at /pub/linux/sources/libs
       which will most probably be mirrored by a site close to you.

       svgalib(7), vgagl(7), libvga.config(5), vga_accel(3), threed(6),
       bg_test(6), eventtest(6), forktest(6), fun(6), keytest(6),
       mousetest(6), scrolltest(6), speedtest(6), spin(6), testaccel(6),
       testgl(6), testlinear(6), vgatest(6), plane(6), wrapdemo(6)

       This manual page was edited by Michael Weller <[email protected]>. The demo and most of its documentation is due to Harm
       Hanemaayer <[email protected]>.

Svgalib (>= 1.2.11)              29 July 1997                         accel(6)
Command Section