Command Section
PKG(7)             FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual             PKG(7)

     pkg - a utility for manipulating packages

     pkg <command>
     pkg add [-f] <pkg.txz>
     pkg -N
     pkg bootstrap [-f]

     pkg is the package management tool.  It is used to manage local packages
     installed from ports(7) and install/upgrade packages from remote

     To avoid backwards incompatibility issues, the actual pkg(8) tool is not
     installed in the base system.  The first time invoked, pkg will bootstrap
     the real pkg(8) from a remote repository.

     pkg <command>  If pkg(8) is not installed yet, it will be fetched, have
                    its signature verified, installed, and then have the
                    original command forwarded to it.  If already installed,
                    the command requested will be forwarded to the real

     pkg add [-f] <pkg.txz>
                    Install pkg(8) from a local package instead of fetching
                    from remote.  If a pkg.txz.sig file exists and signature
                    checking is enabled, then the signature will be verified
                    before installing the package.  If the -f flag is
                    specified, then pkg(8) will be installed regardless if it
                    is already installed.

     pkg -N         Do not bootstrap, just determine if pkg(8) is actually
                    installed or not.  Returns 0 and the number of packages
                    installed if it is, otherwise 1.

     pkg bootstrap [-f]
                    Attempt to bootstrap and do not forward anything to pkg(8)
                    after it is installed.  If the -f flag is specified, then
                    pkg(8) will be fetched and installed regardless if it is
                    already installed.

     Configuration varies in whether it is in a repository configuration file
     or the global configuration file.

     Repository configuration can be stored in /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf in the
     following format:

           FreeBSD: {
             url: "pkg+${ABI}/latest",
             mirror_type: "srv",
             signature_type: "none",
             fingerprints: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
             enabled: yes
     url             Refer to PACKAGESITE in ENVIRONMENT
     mirror_type     Refer to MIRROR_TYPE in ENVIRONMENT
     signature_type  Refer to SIGNATURE_TYPE in ENVIRONMENT
     fingerprints    Refer to FINGERPRINTS in ENVIRONMENT
     enabled         Defines whether this repository should be used or not.
                     Valid values are yes, true, 1, no, false, 0.

     Global configuration can be stored in /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf in the
     following format:

           PACKAGESITE: "pkg+${ABI}/latest",
           MIRROR_TYPE: "srv",
           SIGNATURE_TYPE: "none",
           FINGERPRINTS: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
           ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES: "yes"
           REPOS_DIR: ["/etc/pkg", "/usr/local/etc/pkg/repos"]

     Reference ENVIRONMENT for each variable.

     The following environment variables can be set to override the settings
     from the pkg.conf file used.

     MIRROR_TYPE        This defines which mirror type should be used.  Valid
                        values are SRV, HTTP, NONE.

     ABI                This defines the ABI for the package to be installed.
                        Default ABI is determined from /bin/sh.

     ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES  If set, no confirmation will be asked when
                        bootstrapping pkg(8).

     SIGNATURE_TYPE     If set to FINGERPRINTS then a signature will be
                        required and validated against known certificate
                        fingerprints when bootstrapping pkg(8).

                        should be set to the directory path where known
                        fingerprints are located.

     PACKAGESITE        The URL that pkg(8) and other packages will be fetched

     REPOS_DIR          Comma-separated list of directories that should be
                        searched for repository configuration files.

     Configuration is read from the files in the listed order.  This path can
     be changed by setting REPOS_DIR.  The last enabled repository is the one
     used for bootstrapping pkg(8).




     Some examples are listed here.  The full list of available commands are
     available in pkg(8) once it is bootstrapped.

     Search for a package:
           $ pkg search perl

     Install a package:
           % pkg install perl

     List installed packages:
           $ pkg info

     Upgrade from remote repository:
           % pkg upgrade

     List non-automatic packages:
           $ pkg query -e '%a = 0' %o

     List automatic packages:
           $ pkg query -e '%a = 1' %o

     Delete an installed package:
           % pkg delete perl

     Remove unneeded dependencies:
           % pkg autoremove

     Change a package from automatic to non-automatic, which will prevent
     autoremove from removing it:
           % pkg set -A 0 perl

     Change a package from non-automatic to automatic, which will make
     autoremove allow it be removed once nothing depends on it:
           % pkg set -A 1 perl

     Create package file from an installed package:
           % pkg create -o /usr/ports/packages/All perl

     Determine which package installed a file:
           $ pkg which /usr/local/bin/perl

     Audit installed packages for security advisories:
           $ pkg audit

     Check installed packages for checksum mismatches:
           # pkg check -s -a

     Check for missing dependencies:
           # pkg check -d -a

     ports(7), pkg(8)

     The pkg command first appeared in FreeBSD 9.1.  It became the default
     package tool in FreeBSD 10.0, replacing the pkg_install suite of tools
     pkg_add(1), pkg_info(1) and pkg_create(1).

FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4        December 12, 2013       FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE-p4
Command Section